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In 1965 the people came out to defend the Constitution

Elias Wessin and Wessin, head of the San Isidro air base, ordered the bombing of the National Palace

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The Constitutionalist Revolution of April 1965, which advocated the return to constitutionality and the return to power of Professor Juan Bosch, is one of the most important events in the country’s recent history.

The government of Bosch, who took office on February 27, 1963 and was overthrown by the Armed Forces in September, was based on four major priorities: full respect for the independence of the state powers, full respect for civil rights and politicians of all citizens, the honest and efficient use of public powers and funds and equal opportunities for all.

After the coup d’état a civil government was installed, composed of Emilio de los Santos, Ramón Tapia Espinal and Manuel Tavares Espaillat. Bosch was exiled to Puerto Rico.

After the uprising of the Revolutionary Movement June 14, the head of the triumvirate, Emilio de los Santos, resigned, being replaced by Donald Reid Cabral, who assumed the presidency and plunged the country into crisis and instability.

The revolution

On Saturday, April 24, 1965, a group of soldiers and police, led by Colonel Rafael Fernández Domínguez, revolted in the military camps of August 16 and February 27, giving the coup to the Triumvirate and the government of Donald Reid Cabral .

In the early hours of Sunday morning, April 25, the Constitutionalist soldiers entered the city of Santo Domingo and forced Reid Cabral to resign, and the restoration of the Constitution and the return of Professor Juan Bosch were announced.

General Elias Wessin and Wessin, head of the San Isidro air base, ordered the bombing of the National Palace, being supported by the Navy, forcing the Constitutionalists to move to the Colonial Zone.

President Rafael Molina Ureña and members of the constitutionalist high command, among which were Colonels Rafael Fernández Domínguez and Caamaño Deñó, as well as a group of leaders of the Dominican Revolutionary Party, went to the United States Embassy to seek their mediation. , but the response of Ambassador William Tapley Bennett was that they surrendered to Wessin and Wessin, to which Caamaño Deñó responded that they would continue fighting. After the battle of the Duarte bridge, the forces of San Isidro fail to penetrate the city of Santo Domingo, ensuring the victory of the Constitutionalists.

Invasion prevented triumph of the Constitutionalists

Faced with the impossibility of returning to the country, Bosch delegated power to Colonel Caamaño Deñó, who was sworn in as constitutional president. On Wednesday 28, the president of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson, announced the shipment to the Dominican Republic of 400 marines, as part of a contingent of 42,000 who occupied the country to avoid the definitive triumph of the constitutionalist forces of the United States. Colonel Caamaño Deñó.

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