SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic. – On February 27 at night everything was ready to strike against the Haitian domination, counting the leaders of the Revolution with the contest of battalions 31 and 32, as well as with the support of the brothers Pedro and Ramón Santana, whose prestige in the East ensured the competition of the entire eastern region.
The Dominican Republic was proclaimed, in the absence of Duarte, on the night of Tuesday, February 27, 1844 at the door of the Count of the city of Santo Domingo by Tomás Bobadilla, Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, Matías Ramón Mella, Manuel Jiménez, Vicente Celestino Duarte, José Joaquín Puello, Gabino Puello, Félix María del Monte and other patriots.
February 27 is the most patriotic date in our history since a day like today but from 1844 our liberating parents ended 22 years of Haitian occupation.
In the 22 years of occupation the Haitians tried to eliminate the language and customs. They forced to publish the official documents in French and other measures that undermined the very essence of the traditions and culture of what would later become the Dominican people.
Although Duarte was not there, the Trinitarians (Los Trinitarios) did not give up on their actions and on the cause of the country’s freedom. Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, Matías Ramón Mella and Vicente Celestino Duarte directed the Trinitarians, almost without resources, circulated the ideas in handwritten sheets, to organize and add adherents to the separatist ideas.
On January 16, 1844, Mr. Tomás Bobadilla was drafted by the Manifestation of the peoples of the eastern part of the island, formerly called Spanish or Santo Domingo, in which the causes of their separation from the Haitian Republic were enunciated. This Manifestation would be the law that would govern the proclaimed republic, until its constitution was promulgated.
That night of February 27, 1844, small groups of patriots who came from the different areas of the city were gathering little by little.
The beginning of the separatist action was indicated by a trabucazo shot by Matías Ramón Mella here, at the door of Mercy, and which was heard by all the inhabitants of the city.
Although Juan Pablo Duarte, the father of the Homeland, was absent, the Dominican Republic was proclaimed by Tomás Bobadilla, Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, Matías Ramón Mella, Vicente Celestino Duarte, José Joaquín Puello, Jacinto de la Concha, Cayetano Rodríguez, Félix María del Monte and other patriots, who would express to the Haitian authorities their “indestructible resolution to be free and independent, at the cost of our lives and our interests, without any threat being able to retract our will.”
The Dominican flag flew free that day for the first time. It had emerged from a project presented by Juan Pablo Duarte and that was approved, on July 16, 1838 in La trinitaria, where the colors and form of the teaching that would represent the new state, which would be called the Dominican Republic, were presented.
Thanks to the boldness of our liberating parents, the flag embroidered by Concepción Bona flies sovereign in the city of Santo Domingo, along with other ladies such as Baltasara de los Reyes and Ana Valverde. The white cross is the symbol of the liberators’ struggle to leave us a free homeland.