Today we commemorate the 207 anniversary of the birth of the patrician Juan Pablo Duarte

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. – A day like today, but from 1813 Juan Pablo Duarte y Díez, founder of the Dominican Republic, was born, a man of great ideals and moral qualities.

Today, the entire Dominican people are proud to remember the figure of a man who, as a young man, had the courage to start the liberating deed that succeeded in separating the national territory, on February 27, 1844, after 22 years of Haitian occupation.

Duarte was born from the marriage union of Juan José Duarte, a native of Vejer, Spanish province of Cádiz, and Manuela Díez Jiménez, a native of El Seibo, daughter of Spanish father and Creole mother.

The hero grew up with his family in Isabel la Católica Street No. 308, near the Santa Barbara Church in the Colonial Zone and in his father’s business he learned accounting and mathematics.

Home where the patrician Juan Pablo Duarte was born and lived. Now Casa Duarte Museum, declared as a world heritage site.

Home where the patrician Juan Pablo Duarte was born and lived. Now Casa Duarte Museum, declared as a world heritage site.

Today, the Dominican people are proud to remember the figure of a man who, being young, had the courage to start the liberating deed that achieved the separation of the national territory, on February 27, 1844, after 22 years of Haitian occupation .

Those who govern today must take Duarte’s example of placing the country before themselves.

Honor his name with the honor of his people.

The Trinitarian

The trinitarian secret society was founded on July 16, 1838 with the intention of making the country independent. The first members of La Trinitaria were Juan Pablo Duarte, Juan Isidro Pérez, Pedro Alejandro Pina, Jacinto de la Concha, Félix María Ruiz, José María Serra, Benito González, Felipe Alfau and Juan Nepomuceno Ravelo.

As they needed to make themselves known among those of their people in a veiled way, another society called “The Philanthropic” appeared that made presentations of theatrical pieces to raise awareness among the citizens of the separation of Haiti.

The Trinidadians did their work clandestinely, while taking the oath to fight for the independence of the Dominican Republic under the motto “God, Homeland and Freedom.”

In 1842, Duarte became an officer of the National Guard, led by the Haitian government and in 1843 participated in the “Reform Revolution” against the dictatorship of Jean Pierre Boyer, who threatened to invade the western part of the island with the intention of unifying it .

The Reformation ended up overthrowing the Boyer dictatorship in the same year, placing Charles Hérard in the presidency of Haiti.

From that moment, Duarte became the main political leader, but the independence activities of the Trinitarians were betrayed and the new president Charles Hérard led the military occupation to dismantle the separatist movement.

In full preparation to organize the independence movement, Duarte had to leave the country clandestinely towards Curaçao for his “insurgent” behavior.

The Trinitarians, headed by their acting president, Francisco del Rosario Sánchez and Matías Ramón Mella, drafted the Manifesto of January 16, 1844, which reflected the republican and liberal principles that Duarte preached for years.

On the night of February 27, 1844, the Trinitarians headed by Sánchez and Mella made the Trinitarian dream come true by proclaiming Dominican independence by upholding the principles they had learned from Duarte.

After independence

Four months later, the Central Government Board ordered Juan Pablo Duarte to return to Santo Domingo to avoid a confrontation between Duarte and General Pedro Santana.

Duarte led with Sanchez a coup d’etat that dismissed Bobadilla and replaced the conservative members of the Central Board with other liberals.

This new Board, now headed by Sanchez, sent Duarte and Mella to the northern region to get support, the northern army proclaimed Duarte as president.

Although Duarte did not accept, Santana protested and, leaning on the southern army, entered Santo Domingo and dissolved the Board presided by Sanchez, creating another.

In August, Santana ordered the arrest of Duarte, who refused to return to Spanish rule. Santana declared Duarte, Sánchez, Mella and other liberals “traitors to the Fatherland” by sending them into exile in Hamburg and excommunicating the Father of the Fatherland.

Against the Annexation

After learning about the actions during the Restoration War, Duarte disembarks in Montecristi in 1864 to get under the orders of the restorative government in arms of Santiago de los Caballeros.

The Restorative War was decided in favor of the Dominicans and the government decided to appoint Juan Pablo as its representative abroad with the mission of obtaining support from Venezuela and the other American nations in the military struggle against Spain.

Last stage

Duarte stayed with his family in Caracas, subsisting from a candle factory until his death on July 15, 1876 at the age of 63.

His remains were transferred to Dominican soil in 1884, by the government of Ulises Heureaux (Lilís), who had declared him Father of the Fatherland along with Francisco Sánchez del Rosario and Matías Ramón Mella.

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